Are 500-watt solar panels the best option in 2022?
Individual panel prices
Prices of DIY kits
Installed system prices
Solar technology is getting more powerful, and the rise of 500-watt solar panels is clear evidence of this. At least seven major solar panel brands are now manufacturing panels this size or larger.
500 watts (or 500 W) is a very high level of output for a single solar panel. By comparison, between 350 W and 400 W is standard for residential panels in 2022.
So 500 W solar panels are big. But are they better?
In this article, we will tell you everything you need to know about 500 W solar panels, including whether or not they are worth it for your home.
A 500-watt solar panel has a wattage rating of 500 watts under Standard Test Conditions (STC).
STC is an industry standard that involves testing panel performance in a lab under 1,000 lumens/m2 of light, and at a temperature of 77°F (25°C). It indicates the power output you can expect from a solar panel under ideal sunlight and temperature conditions.
And what about real-world output? Typically, a 500 W solar panel will generate about 2 kilowatt-hours (kWh) of daily power and 731 kWh of annual power. Just be aware that the actual power output you will see will vary based on different factors.
In terms of efficiency, all of the 500 W solar panels we examined have module efficiency ratings of around 21%.
You would need twelve 500 W solar panels to build a typical residential system with 6 kilowatts (kW) of solar capacity.
For reference, building an equivalent 6 kW system using standard 375 W modules would require 16 panels.
To find out how many solar panels would be right for your home, use our solar panel calculator below.
A lot of innovative solar technology is utilized to achieve a solar panel rating of 500 watts. Here are two technologies that are commonly used when producing these modules.
All 500 W solar panels we assessed are manufactured with half-cut solar cell technology.
Half-cut solar panels are similar in size to panels with traditional solar cells but produce more power.
When halving traditional solar cells, you also halve their current; this reduces resistive losses, making the half-cut solar cells slightly more efficient.
This new technology provides a more efficient way to produce solar energy from the same surface area. You should not see much of a difference in price between the two cell configurations.
For most 500-watt solar panels, to achieve their wattage rating they make the panel bifacial.
Bifacial solar panels are double-sided, meaning they can capture sunlight and turn it into electricity from both sides.
Bifacial panels are only practical for ground-mount or utility-scale solar installs. This is because the backside needs to be exposed to sunlight.
For this same reason, bifacial panels are wasteful for rooftop installations, where they would need to be installed flush against the roof.
500-watt solar panels are generally made with 144 half-cut monocrystalline cells.
The typical footprint of a single 500 W panel is about 27.5 square feet (7.40 feet x 3.72 feet).
In terms of weight, 500 W panels weigh about 71.2 lbs (32.3 kg) each.
This makes 500 W panels quite large and heavy, and thus better suited for commercial uses.
For a better perspective, let’s compare the size and cell count of residential and commercial solar panels. We’ll use two modules made by solar manufacturer LONGi as examples.
The solar technician in the middle is 5 feet 9 inches tall, or 5.75 feet. Indicated panel sizes and cell counts are typical for panels in 2022; however, expect to see small variations based on solar panel brand and model.
500-watt solar panels are designed for larger solar power installations. They can be found in setups such as:
500-watt solar panels have their place, but it is generally not on the roof of your home. Their size and weight make them less practical to install in most residential solar situations, nor are they cost-effective.
The large footprint of 500 W solar panels makes them harder to fit into the nooks and crannies of a residential roof. It’s usually possible to build a solar power system capable of more maximum power by using smaller solar panels, which are easier to arrange and lay out.
Furthermore, the large physical size of 500 W panels makes them difficult to handle, making installation work more challenging.
In terms of performance, 500 W solar panels don’t necessarily offer any advantage.
500 W solar panels are generally no better (or worse) than standard residential panels in terms of efficiency rating, temperature coefficient, or other specifications. They have a higher wattage rating only because they are bigger.
All else equal, you can achieve the same output from a 6 kW system built with twelve 500 W solar panels, as from a 6 kW system made from sixteen 375 W solar panels.
In other words, it’s not the wattage of individual panels that matter, but the wattage of the system as a whole.
In fact, the 6 kW system made with 375 W panels will cost you less money, while getting the same amount of solar power output on your roof.
500 W solar panels are used mainly on large-scale installations where the panel's physical size doesn't matter. But they’re not ideal for a solar panel system on the roof of your home.
When someone makes a cost-effective 500 W panel in a more reasonably sized 120 half-cell module, sign me up.
If 500-watt solar panels aren’t right for you, what size panel should you use?
In 2022, a 350-400 W solar panel is the most popular choice for residential installations. This is because this range offers the best mix of the three most important solar panel factors: size, cost, and efficiency.
Solar companies will generally stock a few different models of panels, and nearly always have at least one panel in the 350-400 W range.
If you are interested in finding out how many solar panels you need, use our solar calculator. It is very accurate as it is based on past solar installations in your area.
It will estimate your recommended system size, monthly electric bill after solar, and estimated savings over 25 years.
After seeing your results, you can choose to get quotes from 1-4 local solar installers.
Many of the top solar panel brands offer 500-watt options.
We recently created an expert rating system for the best solar panel manufacturers; of the Top 10 brands, seven offer solar panels that are 500 W or higher.
Some brands have multiple models over 500 W, in which case we've only listed their most powerful option.
|Q Cells||Q.Peak Duo XL-G11||570-590 W|
|Canadian Solar||HiKu6 Mono||570-590 W|
|Trina Solar||Vertex||535-560 W|
|LONGi||Hi-MO 5m||535-555 W|
|Jinko Solar||Tiger Pro 72HC||530-550 W|
|JA Solar||DeepBlue 3.0||525-550 W|
|SunPower Maxeon||Performance 5||520-545 W|
As of 2022, the solar panel with the highest wattage is manufactured by Risen Solar, coming in at a whopping 700 watts.
The solar panel with the second-highest wattage is a 670-watt module manufactured by Trina Solar.
It’s important to note that both panels are significantly larger than others on the market, but it's still impressive to see such high output.