New York’s new net metering policy to cut solar savings
The New York Public Service Commission (NYPSC) recently approved changes to the state’s net metering program. The changes will be implemented starting in 2022, and will include an additional charge for solar customers.
The charge, while modest, will decrease electric bill savings for New York solar homeowners.
In this blog, we'll provide a breakdown of the new charges, how much they'll cost you, and how they'll impact the future of solar savings in The Empire State.
On this page:
- Value of Distributed Energy Resources
- Recent changes to net metering
- How much is the CBC charge?
- Will solar investments drop?
- Coronavirus impact
- New York's future of net metering
New York’s new net metering changes will not go into effect until 2022. Image source: Gotham Gazette
New York was already moving away from net metering with VDER
Many states throughout the US, such as Louisiana and Minnesota, have begun moving away from net metering. The motivation behind transitioning away from net metering is mainly due to utilities claiming that they have to charge their non-solar customers more money in order to make up for the revenue they lose from net metering, which is referred to as "cost shifting".
To address cost shifting, New York created a new transition program in 2017. This program, called the Value of Distributed Energy Resources (VDER), ensured solar system owners wouldn’t receive the full retail rate of electricity like they do with net metering. Instead, they would receive a Value Stack Tariff rate.
The Value Stack Tariff considers the costs and benefits of solar to the grid and the environment, and the rate varies - depending on factors like what time and where the electricity was produced.
The Value Stack Tariff rate is always less than the retail rate of electricity. It reduces the amount of costs that are shifted onto non-solar customers by decreasing the amount of money solar customers receive from net metering.
Currently, the Value Stack Tariff is only required to be used by large-scale industrial and commercial solar installations. Residential solar installations can choose between VDER or net metering, however, most choose net metering as it offers better utility bill savings.
What were the most recent changes to net metering?
NYPSC was already set to make changes to begin transitioning residential homeowners to the Value Stack Tariff at the start of 2020. However, NYPSC extended their deadlines for these changes, in part because of the coronavirus pandemic.
Only July 16, 2020, NYPSC finally revealed their changes to New York’s net metering policy. The July order highlights two key points:
- Net metering will be extended until 2022
- Starting in 2022, solar system owners can still take advantage of net metering, but they have to pay an additional Customer Benefits Charge (CBC)
When you install a solar panel system before January 1, 2022, you will receive full retail net metering, or you can elect to use the Value Stack Tariff. For solar panels installed on or after January 1, 2022, you will still be able to pick between net metering or the Value Stack Tariff. However, you will have to pay an additional monthly CBC charge - for subscribers to both net metering and the Value Stack Tariff.
The CBC charge is added to your monthly bill and will be used to fund public benefit programs, like the NY-Sun Program. CBC charges are already rolled into electricity rates, so non-solar customers are already paying these charges.
However, because solar homeowners do not pay for electricity from the utility through net metering, they do not pay the CBC charges. So, by adding the additional charge onto net metered customers' utility bills, utilities can still collect the money they need, without having to raise the rates for non-solar customers.
How much is the Customer Benefit Contribution charge?
The value of the CBC charge will vary depending on your utility, the size of your system, and whether you use Value Stack Tariff rate or net metering.
Your utility will set a per-kilowatt CBC rate that you will be charged each month - meaning the amount you are charged will depend on how big your solar system is.
The rate will be lower for Value Stack Tariff customers, because the Value Stack Tariff rate design already results in fewer costs shifted to non-solar customers.
Each month, you will be charged that rate, times the size of your solar system. Right now, the utility rates are not set in stone.
However, NYPSC supplied an estimate for how much utilities may charge:
|Utility||Residential CBC Charge with Net Metering||Residential CBC Charge with Value Stack Tariff|
|Central Hudson||$0.92 / kW||$0.46 / kW|
|Con Edison||$1.09 / kW||$0.545 / kW|
|National Grid||$0.95 / kW||$0.475 / kW|
|NYSEG||$0.69 / kW||$0.345 / kW|
|O&R||$0.93 / kW||$0.465 / kW|
|RG&E||$0.84 / kW||$0.42 / kW|
So, let’s say you installed a 6 kW solar system in National Grid’s service territory and you decided to use net metering. Your monthly CBC charge would be equal to $0.95 multiplied by 6 kW (the size of your system). This means you would end up paying an extra $5.70 per month, or $68.40 per year, on your electricity bill.
If you decided to use the Value Stack Tariff rate instead, your CBC charge would be equal to $0.475 multiplied by the size of your system, in this case 6 kW. You would end up paying an extra $2.85 a month, or $34.20 per year.
Will New York’s net metering changes impact solar investments?
No, New York’s recent net metering changes will not significantly impact solar investments. The truth is that while the new CBC charge will cause solar homeowners to save a little less on their electric bills, it won’t have a detrimental effect on their return on investment.
If we use the example from earlier, an average 6 kW solar system would cost $8,291, after the federal tax credit and New York State tax credit. The payback period of this solar panel system before the CBC charge would be about 7.2 years. When you include the CBC charge, the payback period goes up to about 7.6 years.
This means that it will only take an additional six months to pay off the system when you include the CBC charge. That’s not bad, especially when you consider demand charges in other states, like Arizona, that raise your utility bill by 65% when you install solar.
Coronavirus led to New York’s decision on net metering
The decision to extend net metering until 2022 was made, in large part, due to the coronavirus pandemic. New York State is projected to see nearly half as many solar installations as they did in 2019 because of the pandemic.
The Commission feared that by making drastic rate changes now, the solar industry would plummet even further. To mitigate the impacts, NYPSC decided to not only keep net metering around, but to refrain from implementing new changes until 2022, as well.
Net metering will encourage more homeowners to go solar, as the savings are better. Also, net metering is less confusing than the Value Stack Tariff, making it much easier for homeowners and solar developers to understand the benefits of going solar.
Switching to a more complex rate structure during this economic downturn could have potentially detrimental impacts on the long-term future of the solar industry.
Plus, in 2022, you can still get net metering, just with the additional CBC charge. The NYPSC again cited the simplicity of net metering as an advantage, as people will be able to easily understand the benefits of solar, while addressing the issue of cost shifting via the additional charge.
The future of net metering in New York
Despite the additional charge on solar homeowners' electric bills, New York is still one of the top states to go solar in the United States.
Even though the new net metering order was put into place in July of 2020, the actual amount that utilities will charge for CBC won’t be announced until late 2020.
Beyond that, the state will probably implement further changes to net metering after 2022 in order to reach their goal of compensating customers for excess solar energy more accurately.
For now, the CBC charge is a good starting point for the state as they look to move away from net metering. It allows solar customers to still benefit from net metering, while addressing the issue of cost shifting with a simple - and modest - additional charge.
The net metering changes that will come after 2022, however, could have a bigger impact on how much solar customers will save on their electric bills.
To lock in the maximum amount of savings on solar panels for your home in New York, the best time to go solar is now - before the CBC charge is implemented and before the federal tax credit expires.
Author: Catherine Lane | SolarReviews Blog Author
Catherine is a researcher and content specialist at SolarReviews. She has strong interests in issues related to climate and sustainability which led her to pursue a degree in environmental science at Ramapo College of New Jersey.