* Cost data based on quotes for fully-installed solar panel systems submitted on our platform. Prices are shown after applying the 30% federal tax credit.
Going solar in Montana is a great investment for your home. State law requires privately-owned utilities to offer full retail net metering to their customers. Montana also has a personal tax credit that residents can claim when they install a renewable energy system on their property.
Full net metering and the 30% federal tax credit make going solar an excellent choice for Montana homeowners.
The average cost for an installed residential solar system in Montana is currently $10,177 after claiming the 30% federal solar tax credit. This is $2.42 per watt. However, there is some variance in solar prices in different parts of the state. The graph below shows the average cost of installed solar systems in your part of the state.
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Prices based on a 4.8kW system, after 30% federal tax credit
Solar panels have fallen in price by more than 80% in the last ten years. In 2022 they also remain subsidized by the 30% federal tax credit and the net metering law, making them an excellent investment. They offer a return well above the long term average return from both the share market and also property investment.
Another way to look at this question is the levelized amount you will pay for each kWh of power you will use over the next 25 years with and without solar panels. As you can see below the savings are significant.
(forecast avg Montana electric rates over the next 25 years)
The most significant incentive to install solar panels for homes and businesses in Montana is the federal solar tax credit. The tax credit is currently equal to 30% of the costs of installing a solar panel system. That comes out to thousands of dollars in potential savings!
When Montana homeowners install a renewable energy system on their property, such as a photovoltaic system, they are eligible for a state tax credit that is equal to 100% of the system costs, up to $500. In a home with two taxpayers, they can file jointly for a tax credit of $1,000.
The tax credit is applied to state income taxes.
Montana law requires utilities to offer full retail net metering to their customers, meaning residents will receive the full retail value for each kilowatt-hour (kWh) of energy their solar electric systems produce.
Normally, installing a solar system would lead to an increase in property taxes. However, thanks to the property tax exemption for buildings using renewable energy, 100% of the assessed value of a solar system is exempt from property taxes for 10 years.
(After tax credit)
(After tax credit)
You will save most money by buying your solar system rather than leasing it. Read more about the pros and cons of leasing vs buying solar.
Minimum of 25 years but generally 30 or more
Solar panels power your house when they can but your home uses the utility company for power at other times. In 2023 "solar systems with battery storage" are becoming more popular. These are known as hybrid systems.
A grid-tied system is the most common type of solar system. It has no solar battery for backup power and utilizes net metering to maximize savings. Solar panels are mounted on your roof then wired together, and the power generated flows into an inverter where direct current (DC) electricity is converted into alternating current (AC) electricity. This electricity is either used by your home or is exported to the utility grid.
In hybrid solar systems, rooftop solar panels are connected to both a solar battery and the electric grid. The solar electricity generated by your panels that your home does not use is stored in the battery instead of being sent to the grid, which reduces your reliance on the utility while also providing backup power when needed. Battery storage is still expensive but you may be able to reduce costs by using state incentives.
Off-grid solar systems are not connected to the grid at all, so all of your energy needs must be met by the sun. There is no utility to fall back on. The solar installation needs to power your home not only during the day, but after dark as well, so many solar panels and a large battery system are required. These systems are often expensive and don’t make sense for homes that have access to the grid.
Read more about types of home solar systems.
No, but cleaning them can improve power generation if they are dirty.
Given this environment, and the effect of import tariffs placed on solar panels by the Trump administration during 2018, it is hard to see that solar power system prices in Montana will fall during 2023.
Depending on the location, solar panels will generate different amounts of electricity.
A solar system that is installed on a south-facing 24-degree pitch roof Montana will generate 1,550kWh of peak DC (direct current) capacity per year per 1kW in Montana.
Enter your details into the solar panel calculator to see how your location, roof tilt, and roof direction impacts solar panel production.
The advantage of installing solar panels in Montana is the state-mandated net metering requirement. Privately-owned utilities must offer kilowatt hour (kWh) credits for excess energy generated by solar systems. You also get to take advantage of that sweet $500 tax credit when you go solar. Don’t forget about your solar property tax exemption too!
The disadvantage of installing solar panels in Montana is that there is very little in the way of utility-based rebates. Also, Montana does not receive as much sunshine as other states, so a solar system here will produce less than a system in a sunnier state, like Arizona.
However, the available state-based incentives combined with the federal tax credit more than make up for what the state lacks in sunshine. With the incentives that are currently available, now is the best time to go solar in Montana!
This solar calculator requires you to input your address, utility company, your average monthly power spend - it tells you:
If you want to see all of the above but also see live pricing, the three best solar deals available in your city and get binding quotes from each of these solar companies then use this Montana solar panels calculator. This calculator requires you to also input your name and contact details because most of our 200+ installer partners will only authorize the sharing of their live solar pricing where we have validated that you are a real homeowner with a home in their service area. We respect the privacy of your data and only share your contact details with the solar companies you ask us to get binding quotes from.
Note: Please keep in mind that the best source of up-to-date information on incentives are the solar installers who specialize in your area.