Solar panels Minnesota:

Prices, incentives and best companies 2023

Avg MN solar panel cost:

$9,313 - $11,383*

Avg 25 year savings:

$43,064 - $52,634

Avg payback period:

5.5 - 6.7 years

Estimate cost and savings based on your location and power usage

* Cost data based on quotes for fully-installed solar panel systems submitted on our platform. Prices are shown after applying the 30% federal tax credit.

Minnesota solar panels guide 2023

Updated April 14, 2023

Minnesota has established significant initiatives to get more residents to go solar. With plenty of great incentives, mandated net metering, and several rebate programs, now is an excellent time to install a solar system in Minnesota.

On this page:

Solar power prices, savings and payback in your part of Minnesota

The average cost for an installed residential solar system in Minnesota is currently $11,500 after claiming the 30% federal solar tax credit. This is $2.74 per watt. However, there is some variance in solar prices in different parts of the state. The graph below shows the average cost of installed solar systems in your part of the state.

Cost range of local prices


Net profit (savings less system cost)


Payback period

5.5-6.7 years

Recommended size for the selected utility bill


Solar panel cost calculator

Cash flow graph based on cash purchase of a 5.1kW system

Are solar panels worth it in Minnesota

Solar panels have fallen in price by more than 80% in the last ten years. In 2022 they also remain subsidized by the 30% federal tax credit and the net metering law, making them an excellent investment. They offer a return well above the long term average return from both the share market and also property investment.

Another way to look at this question is the levelized amount you will pay for each kWh of power you will use over the next 25 years with and without solar panels. As you can see below the savings are significant.

Levelized cost of solar energy
Levelized cost per kWh is the cost of the solar system divided by the total number of kWh produced by a solar system over it’s lifetime

5¢ /kWh

If you don't get solar

21¢ /kWh

(forecast avg Minnesota electric rates over the next 25 years)

MN solar panel cost calculator

Best 10 solar installers in Minnesota


Minnesota solar incentives & tax credits

Federal solar tax credit

The federal tax credit is the most significant incentive to install solar panels for homes and businesses across the U.S. Currently, the federal tax credit equals 30% of the total solar panel installation costs. This policy was just recently extended until the end of 2035, so right now is an excellent time to go solar across the country.


Net metering

Minnesota has a state-wide net metering policy for all investor-owned utilities, municipal utilities, and electric cooperatives. 

Each utility must compensate customers for net excess solar generation at the average retail utility energy rate. Compensation for extra energy may take the form of actual payment, like a check, or as a credit on the homeowner's utility bill.


Utility incentives 

Many of Minnesota’s utility companies offer solar rebates to their customers. One of the most popular is Xcel Energy’s Solar Rewards program.

Through this program, Xcel will pay customers an additional $0.02 per kilowatt hour (kWh) of solar energy produced in exchange for any renewable energy credits the system makes.

Property tax exemptions

Minnesota has a property tax exemption for solar panel systems. Under the Property Tax Exemption for Solar Generating Systems, 100% of the assessed value of the solar system is exempt from the homeowner’s property taxes. 

City of Minneapolis Green Cost Share

If you are a resident of Minneapolis, you’re in luck. The city offers a rebate program to match funds for property owners who make environmentally conscious home upgrades. 

For solar system projects, you can get up to $50,000 based on a rate per kilowatt hour (kWh). To apply, you must meet specific eligibility requirements, and you can earn more money if you live in a “Green Zone” or are a part of the income-qualified housing category.


Table 2: Available incentive programs
Eligibility: Federal incentive
Type: Personal Tax Credit
Eligibility: State incentive
Type: Net Metering

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Top models of solar panel installed in Minnesota 2023

Average cost of solar panel installation in Minnesota by system size

System size*
Cash purchase

(After tax credit)

Financed purchase

(After tax credit)

4kW $11,960 $12,797
5kW $14,320 $15,322
6kW $16,428 $17,578
7kW $18,977 $20,305
8kW $22,080 $23,626
9kW $23,913 $25,587
10kW $26,300 $28,141

Best solar companies in the main cities of Minnesota

Different types of solar companies

Solar company reviews

Home solar basics

Is it better to lease or buy solar panels in Minnesota

You will save most money by buying your solar system rather than leasing it. Read more about the pros and cons of leasing vs buying solar.

How long do solar panels last?

Minimum of 25 years but generally 30 or more

How do solar panels work on a home?

Solar panels power your house when they can but your home uses the utility company for power at other times. In 2023 "solar systems with battery storage" are becoming more popular. These are known as hybrid systems.

How do solar panels work?

Grid-tied solar system

A grid-tied system is the most common type of solar system. It has no solar battery for backup power and utilizes net metering to maximize savings. Solar panels are mounted on your roof then wired together, and the power generated flows into an inverter where direct current (DC) electricity is converted into alternating current (AC) electricity. This electricity is either used by your home or is exported to the utility grid.

Hybrid solar system

In hybrid solar systems, rooftop solar panels are connected to both a solar battery and the electric grid. The solar electricity generated by your panels that your home does not use is stored in the battery instead of being sent to the grid, which reduces your reliance on the utility while also providing backup power when needed. Battery storage is still expensive but you may be able to reduce costs by using state incentives.

Off-grid solar system

Off-grid solar systems are not connected to the grid at all, so all of your energy needs must be met by the sun. There is no utility to fall back on. The solar installation needs to power your home not only during the day, but after dark as well, so many solar panels and a large battery system are required. These systems are often expensive and don’t make sense for homes that have access to the grid.

Read more about types of home solar systems.

Do solar panels require regular maintenance?

No, but cleaning them can improve power generation if they are dirty.

Will residential solar power system cost fall in Minnesota in 2023?

Given this environment, and the effect of import tariffs placed on solar panels by the Trump administration during 2018, it is hard to see that solar power system prices in Minnesota will fall during 2023.

How much electricity do solar panel systems generate in Minnesota?

Depending on the location, solar panels will generate different amounts of electricity.

A solar system that is installed on a south-facing 35-degree pitch roof Minnesota will generate 1,150kWh of peak DC (direct current) capacity per year per 1kW in Minnesota.

Enter your details into the solar panel calculator to see how your location, roof tilt, and roof direction impacts solar panel production.

What are the pros and cons of installing solar panels in Minnesota?

The advantage of installing solar panels in Minnesota is the excellent utility incentives available. Also, state law mandates net metering, so utilities offer full retail credit for excess solar generation.

Not to mention, you can also take advantage of the 30% federal tax credit.

The only major disadvantage to installing solar panels in Minnesota is that the state doesn’t get as many sunny days as other states in the U.S. and has snowy winters. However, there are great local incentives that will be sure to save you plenty of money.

Enter your details to calculate the cost and savings you are likely to get from installing solar panels for your home.

What you can learn from our state solar panel calculator

This solar calculator requires you to input your address, utility company, your average monthly power spend - it tells you:

If you want to see all of the above but also see live pricing, the three best solar deals available in your city and get binding quotes from each of these solar companies then use this Minnesota solar panels calculator. This calculator requires you to also input your name and contact details because most of our 200+ installer partners will only authorize the sharing of their live solar pricing where we have validated that you are a real homeowner with a home in their service area. We respect the privacy of your data and only share your contact details with the solar companies you ask us to get binding quotes from.

Note: Please keep in mind that the best source of up-to-date information on incentives are the solar installers who specialize in your area.

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