The LG Chem Battery: is it right for your home?

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lg chem battery 2021
The LG Chem RESU 10H and the newer 16H Prime are available now. Images: LG Energy Solution

LG Chem’s Residential Energy Storage Unit (RESU) batteries are part of the new generation of solar batteries that provide energy storage and backup power for homes. They are designed to pair with a home solar system and connect directly to a storage-ready solar inverter for charging and discharging.

The LG RESU battery can be installed in either on or off-grid photovoltaic systems, and is one of the leading Tesla Powerwall alternatives. The third generation of LG Chem RESU “Prime” batteries was introduced in late 2020, and was made available in early 2021. Let’s dig into more about how the LG Battery works and whether it’s right for you.

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    Find out if solar-plus-battery storage is worth it for your home

    How the LG Chem battery works

    In a home solar-plus-storage system, one or more LG Chem RESU batteries are connected directly to your solar inverter, charging them using direct current (DC) power produced by your solar panels. 

    The batteries can hold between 9.6 and 16 kilowatt-hours (kWh) of electricity, depending on the size you choose. That corresponds to model # RESU10H Prime for the 9.6-kWh battery and model # RESU16H Prime for the 16-kWh version. An older 7-kW version is no longer being produced.

    During the day, when the sun is high in the sky, home solar systems produce more electricity than the house needs. That stored solar energy can be used to power the home later in the evening, after the sun sets. It’s also possible to set the battery to retain a certain amount of its stored energy in case of a power failure.

    Older RESU 10H batteries are divided into two sub-models that are each built to communicate with specific brands of solar inverters. Model numbers with “-C” at the end work with SMA Sunny Boy Storage inverters, and those with “-R” work with Fronius, Huawei, and SolarEdge StorEdge inverters. Your installer will select the proper model to work with your solar system.

    The newer LG Chem RESU 10H Prime and 16H Prime batteries are made to work with many different kinds of inverters from SMA, SolarEdge, Sungrow, GoodWe, and Solis. 

    Details about LG Chem RESU batteries

    LG Chem RESU batteries details
    Model name LG Chem RESU10H-R LG Chem RESU10H-C LG Chem RESU 10H Prime LG CHEM RESU 16H Prime
    Year introduced 2017 (Gen 2) 2017 (Gen 2) 2021 (Gen 3) 2021 (Gen 3)
    Total energy capacity (kWh) 9.8 9.8 9.6 16
    Usable energy (kWh) 9.3 9.3 9.6 16
    Power rating (continuous) 5.0 kW 5.0 kW 5.0 kW 7.0 kW
    Peak power (10 sec) 7.0 kW 7.0 kW 7.0 kW 11.0 kW
    Voltage range (V) 350~450 430~550 350~450 350~450
    Round trip efficiency 94.5% 94.5% >90% >90%
    Dimensions (W X H X D, inches) 29.3 x 35.7 x 8.1 29.3 x 35.7 x 8.1 19.8 x 32.1 x 11.6 19.8 x 42.8 x 11.6
    Approximate weight (lbs) 214 220 246 352
    Warranty 60% capacity after 10 years 60% capacity after 10 years 70% capacity after 10 years 70% capacity after 10 years

    More information can be found on the LG Energy Storage System (ESS) site and the datasheet for RESU Prime batteries.

    Advantages that set LG batteries apart

    Like all home solar batteries, LG Chem RESU batteries are designed to charge from your solar panels and keep electricity available for you at night and in the case of a power outage. 

    But the LG battery has some specific advantages for homeowners over other types of batteries.

    LG Chem battery benefits

    • Battery backup for use at night or during a power outage
    • More compact size and lighter weight than competitors like the sonnen eco
    • DC-coupled for greater efficiency and integration with solar storage inverters
    • Easy installation and servicing, the RESU Prime batteries are field serviceable and can communicate with the installer for troubleshooting to prevent service calls for minor issues  
    • Can be discharged up to 95% of capacity (depth of discharge)
    • Can be scaled using two batteries for up to 32 kWh storage
    • RESU 10H has 94.5% round-trip efficiency outputs 9.45 kWh for every 10 kWh stored (exceeds competitor performance)
    • 10-year warranty
    • Available from many solar companies, including Sunrun

    Because they use lithium ion battery cells, LG battery packs can be discharged to almost their full capacity every day, and last a long time. On average, LG Chem RESU 10H battery systems can charge and discharge every day for 10 years and still retain 60% of their original capacity. RESU Prime batteries retain 70% after 10 years.

    In addition, LG’s advanced manufacturing process produces batteries that are more compact, more efficient, and lighter than many alternatives. And the LG Chem RESU batteries are all DC-coupled, meaning they charge directly from solar panels, which is more efficient than charging from power that has been converted to AC before reaching the battery.

    Finally, the LG Chem RESU battery is available from many different solar installers across the country, including Sunrun, which sells the LG batteries for a low monthly payment as a managed energy storage solution they call “Brightbox.”

    The LG Chem battery warranty

    LG Chem’s warranty promises that its RESU batteries will maintain at least 60% of their initial rated energy storage capacity after 10 years OR before the battery has been used to provide 22.4 megawatt-hours (MWh) of electricity.

    That distinction is important, because if you’re fully charging and discharging the battery daily, you’ll run through that amount of MWh sooner than 10 years. To spread 22.4 MWh over 10 years, you’d have to ensure the batteries discharge an average of only 6.14 kilowatt-hours (kWh) per day, which is 62% of their capacity.

    This should be fine for most people, as daily cycling of the battery isn’t necessarily the plan. Talk to a licensed installer to find out whether you should expect to use more than 6.14 kWh of battery storage per day.

    The warranty doesn’t include explicit protections from defects in materials and equipment, which is a fairly major oversight. The warranty implies that LG will repair or replace the battery if it’s found to be defective, but that doesn’t meet a very high standard. 

    It would be better if LG explicitly guaranteed protection for faults in materials and workmanship for 10 years.

    LG Chem says the RESU 10H Prime will retain 70% of rated capacity after 10 years, but other details about the number of cycles or total MWh throughput haven’t yet been released.

    Cost and incentives

    Like many other solar system components, the price of the LG RESU batteries changes over time, and depends on where you install it and who does the work. 

    As of January 2021, it costs between $5,000 and $7,000 to buy a RESU10H battery, before installation costs. If you include installation costs from a solar installer, a RESU 10H might cost between $7,000-$9,000.

    As of June 2021, it costs between $5,000 and $6,000 to buy a RESU10H battery, before installation costs. Add $1,000 to the price for the 10H Prime and another $2,000 for the 16H Prime. If you include installation costs from a solar installer, a RESU 10H might cost between $7,000-$9,000 and a 16H Prime would be $10,000-$13,000.

    That’s not cheap. Luckily, there are solar battery incentives that can help bring down the costs. 

    Because the LG Chem batteries charge exclusively from solar power, they qualify for the federal solar tax credit, reducing your total cost to purchase the battery by 26%, down to between $5,200 - $6,700 after the first year.

    Some states and utility companies also offer solar battery incentives. The most popular is the Self- Generation Incentive Program (SGIP) in California. 

    Is the LG Chem RESU battery worth it?

    Whether battery storage is worth it to you depends on the price you put on peace of mind. 

    If you absolutely cannot bear the thought of suffering through a blackout in the dark, then the LG battery is an excellent choice. And, with Californians now seeing “planned outages” of more than a day or two on a regular basis, it might prove its worth in short order.

    The only way the LG battery becomes financially worth it is if you use it to avoid time-of-use or demand charges. In that case, you’d have to be saving over $.50/kWh on every kWh of storage in order to make it worth it over the 10-year lifespan of the battery.

    No place on earth has a difference of $.50 between its on and off-peak times, so the cost of the LG battery will basically never be repaid.

    However, if you look at this more like a balancing act, between the “peace of mind” benefits and the tangible financial benefits, it might start to look better. Especially if you live in California.

    How much can you save by going solar?

    Key takeaways

    • The LG Chem RESU battery is one of the most popular home batteries available.
    • The new-for-2021 RESU 10H and 16H Prime batteries improve on the previous generation’s performance and can back up your whole home for 10 years or more.
    • One LG RESU battery can hold between 10 and 16 kilowatt-hours, based on the model (enough for about a third to a half of your home’s daily needs).
    • If installed alongside a solar installation, the battery qualifies for the federal solar tax credit, and some state incentives also exist.
     - Author of Solar Reviews

    Ben Zientara

    Solar Policy Analyst and Researcher

    Ben is a writer, researcher, and data analysis expert who has worked for clients in the sustainability, public administration, and clean energy sectors.

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